The Republic of South Africa is the southernmost country in Africa. It shares a border with Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Swaziland. It surrounds the Kingdom of Lesotho. Up until 1994 South Africa was ruled by a white minority government that enforced apartheid. Since then, the African National Congress (ANC) has since been the ruling party. Since its transition to a democracy, South Africa has made major progress in improving the wellbeing of its citizens, however, growth has slowed down in recent years and youth unemployment remains high.
President: Cyril Ramaphosa
Population: 51 million
Religion: Christianity, Islam
Languages: English, Afrikaans, Xhosa, Sesotho, Setswana, Zulu