The Federal Republic of Somalia is located in the Horn of Africa. It shares a border with Ethiopia, Djibouti and Kenya. The country was created in 1960 from a former British protectorate and an Italian colony. Following the overthrow of President Siad Barre in 1991, Somalia descended into anarchy. In 2012 a new, internationally-backed government was installed which has lead to some stability. However, Al-Qaeda inspired insurgents Al-Shabab still pose a major threat.
President: Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
Population: 14.5 million
Languages: Somali, Arabic, English, Italian