The Republic of Mozambique is located in south east Africa and shares a border with Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, and South Africa. A 16 year civil war that ended in 1992 followed Mozambique’s independence from Portugal in 1975. The discovery of gas fields in 2011 triggered robust economic growth which slowed down in 2016 triggering shocks to inflation and the country’s currency.
Mozambique’s overarching development challenge is to translate its performance in terms of economic growth to poverty reduction and improved development outcomes.
President: Filipe Nyusi
Population: 28 million
Religion: Christianity, Islam
Languages: Portuguese, indigenous languages