The State of Libya is situated in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It shares a border with Egypt, Sudan, Chad, Niger and Algeria. Following a military coup in 1969, Muammar Gaddafi ruled the country until he was overthrown and killed in 2011. In recent years, Libya has been a springboard for migrants heading to Europe. The rise of Islamist militancy is also serious on-going concerns.
President: No full authority currently holds power
Population: 6.5 million
The cost of the political unrest and on-going conflict has taken a severe toll on the Libyan economy, which has remained in recession. Political strife, weak security conditions, and blockaded oil infrastructures continue to constrain the supply side of the economy.