The State of Eritrea is located in the Horn of Africa. It shares a border with Sudan, Djibouti and Ethiopia. In 1993, following a 30-year war, Eritrea won its independence from Ethiopia. Tensions still remain high and this perceived threat of war has been used by the government to clamp down on the society. Prolonged periods of instability and severe drought have had an adverse impact on the agriculture-based economy and Eritrea remains one of the poorest nations in the world.
President: Isaias Afewerki
Population: 5.7 million
Religion: Islam, Christianity
Languages: Tigrinya, Arabic, Tigre, English
Rain-fed agriculture is the predominant economic activity employing more than two-thirds of the population. The sector’s contribution to GDP, however, has been moderate and declining, reflecting challenges that include recurrent droughts in the Horn of Africa, and rudimentary farming methods. However, the government’s decision to utilize $17 million of the African Development Bank’s (AfDB) Drought Resilience and Sustainable Livelihood Programme (DRLSP) 2015-2021 provides a good opportunity to mitigate the effects of recurrent droughts, and also enable the majority of the Eritreans, especially the youth, to participate in generating broad-based growth.
Source The World Bank