Africa is the world’s second-largest continent and with 1.2 billion people, the second-most-populous.

Including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of the earth’s total surface area and 20% of its total land area. It contains 54 countries, nine territories and two independent states.

African nations cooperate through the establishment of the African Union which has its headquarters in Addis Ababa.

In 2015, African leaders adopted Agenda 2063 as the continent’s new long-term vision for the next 50 years. Led by the African Union Commission (AUC), Agenda 2063 aims to optimise the use of Africa’s resources for the benefit of the continent’s people.

It builds on and seeks to accelerate the implementation of past and existing continental initiatives for growth and sustainable development.

Some of the past and current initiatives it builds on include: the Lagos Plan of Action, The Abuja Treaty, The Minimum Integration Programme, the Programme for Infrastructural Development in Africa (PIDA), the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP), The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), Regional Plans and Programmes and National Plans. It is also built on national, regional, continental best practices in its formulation.


The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a set of 17 global goals set by the United Nations and formally adopted by world leaders in September 2015. They came into effect in January 2016 and build on the success of the 8 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). They aim by 2030 to end all forms of poverty, fight inequalities and tackle climate change while ensuring that no one is left behind. The SDGs acknowledge the importance of the AU Agenda 2063 and considers it to be a key part of it.

The Goals

Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

Goal 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries

Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels

Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development