Africa is the world’s second-largest continent and with 1.2 billion people, the second-most-populous.

Including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of the earth’s total surface area and 20% of its total land area. It contains 54 countries, nine territories and two independent states.

African nations cooperate through the establishment of the African Union which has its headquarters in Addis Ababa.

In 2015, African leaders adopted Agenda 2063 as the continent’s new long-term vision for the next 50 years. Led by the African Union Commission (AUC), Agenda 2063 aims to optimise the use of Africa’s resources for the benefit of the continent’s people.

It builds on and seeks to accelerate the implementation of past and existing continental initiatives for growth and sustainable development.

Some of the past and current initiatives it builds on include: the Lagos Plan of Action, The Abuja Treaty, The Minimum Integration Programme, the Programme for Infrastructural Development in Africa (PIDA), the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP), The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), Regional Plans and Programmes and National Plans. It is also built on national, regional, continental best practices in its formulation.